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1. Product Identification :

Product Name : Potassium Permanganate
Synonyms : Permanganic acid, potassium salt; Condy’s Crystals;
CAS No. : 7722-64-7
Molecular Wt : 158.03 g/mol.
Molecular Formula : KMnO4


2. Hazard Identification:

Very Strong Oxidizer. Contact with combustible material may cause fire. May cause skin burns if in contact for a long time. Harmful if swallowed or inhaled.

Potential Health Effects:


Causes irritation to the respiratory tract. Symptoms may include coughing, shortness of breath.


Intake of solid or high concentrations causes severe distress of gastro-intestinal system with possible burns; shock with fall of blood pressure. May be fatal. Ingestion of concentrations up to 1% causes burning of the throat, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain; 2-3% causes anemia and swelling of the throat with possible suffocation; 4-5% may cause kidney damage.

Skin Contact:

Dry crystals and concentrated solutions are caustic causing redness, severe burns, brown stains in contact area and possible hardening of outer skin layer. May cause Dermatitis. Diluted solutions are only mildly irritating to the skin.

Eye Contact:

Eye contact with crystals and concentrated solutions causes severe irritation, redness, blurred vision and can cause severe damage, possibly permanent.

Chronic Exposure:

Chronic manganese poisoning can result from excessive inhalation exposure to manganese dust and involves impairment of the central nervous system. Early symptoms include sluggishness, sleepiness, and weakness in the legs.

3. First Aid Measures:

After Inhalation:

Expose to fresh Air. Give artificial respiration. Consult a physician

After Skin Contact:

Wash off immediately with water for about 15-20 mins. Remove stained clothing. Consult a physician.

After Ingestion:

If swallowed do not induce vomiting (due to risk of perforation!). Drink plenty of water. Consult a physician.

After Eye Contact:

Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes with eyelid held wide open. Consult an Ophthalmologist immediately.

4. Fire Fighting Measures:


Generally not explosive, but a very strong oxidizer. May cause fire if combustible materials are kept in vicinity. Contact with oxidizable substance may cause violent combustion.


Strong oxidants may explode if exposed to fire, heat or friction. Contact with oxidizable substance may cause violent combustion. Sealed containers may explode if heated.

Fire Extinguishing Media:

Extinguishing Media: Use water to cool down flames and spray water to create blanket on the fire exposed areas. Other types of extinguishing media are not much effective. Don’t let the fire fighting water to run-off in sewers or seep into the ground.

5. Accidental Release Measures:

Avoid Contact with the substance. Ventilate the area of spill. Do not allow to enter the sewerage system. Clean up the spills in a manner that do not allow spreading off the dusts or vapors into air.

6. Handling and storage:

Keep the material in air-tight containers, dry, cool and well ventilated area. Keep off from any sources of heat or ignition.

7. Exposure Control / Personal Protection

Exposure limits:

PEL 0.5mg/m3 Ceiling for manganese compounds as Mn
TLV 0.2mg/m3 for manganese, elemental and inorganic compounds as Mn


PPE should be selected specifically as per the requirements of the working place.

Skin Protection:

Use impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate.

Face / Eye covers:

Use chemical safety goggles or Full face shields where risk of splashes or dusting is there. Maintain quick drenches and eye splash fountains at appropriate location.

8. Physical and Chemical Properties:


Dark Purple Crystals with bluish Metallic Sheen.





Melting Point:

> 240 oC accompanied with decomposition

Boiling Point:

Not Applicable


2.703 g/c.c

Vapour Pressure:

No Informatioin Found

Ignition Temperature:

No Information Found.

Explosion Limits:

No Information Found

9. Stability and Reactivity:

Stable under normal conditions of use and storage. Avoid Strong Heating. Keep out of contact of oxidizable substances, organic substance, acids, conc. Alcohols, peroxides etc. Toxic metal fumes occur when heated to decomposition.

10. Toxicology Information:

Acute Toxicity

LD50 (oral, rat): 750 mg/Kg.

No indication of Carcinogenic activity. Investigated as a mutagen, reproductive effector.

11. Ecological Information:

Environmental Fate:

No Information Found.

Environmental Toxicity:

Dangerous to the environment. Very toxic to aquatic organisms; may cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

12. Disposable Considerations:

Chemical and Packaging must be disposed of in accordance with the country specific and local disposal laws. The material that cannot be recovered for recycling must be handled as hazardous waste and must be sent to an approved waste disposal facility.

13. Transport Information:

Domestic (Land, D.O.T.)


Hazard Class: 5. 1

UN/NA: UN1490

Packing Group: II

International (Water, I.M.O.)


Hazard Class: 5.1

UN/NA: UN1490

Packing Group: II

14. Regulatory Information:


Symbol O Oxidizer
  Xn Harmful
  N Dangerous to the Environment
R - Phrase 22 Harmful if Swallowed
S - Phrase --- --------------------------------------------


15. Other Information:

Label Hard Warning:


Saftey Phrases:

S17 S26 S36 S37 S39 S45.

Label First Aid:

In case of contact, immediately flush eyes or skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If swallowed, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Give large quantities of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. In all cases get medical attention immediately.


We provide the information contained herein in good faith and to our present state of our knowledge. The information published in this Material Safety Data Sheet has been compiled from data in various technical publications. We do not guarantee the accuracy of information contained herein. This MSDS is intended only as a guide to precautionary handling of this material.

We take no responsibility for its use or its misuse or the damages resulting from the use of or reliance upon this Information. It is the user’s responsibility to determine the suitability of this information for adoption of necessary safety precautions.

We reserve the right to revise Material Safety Data Sheets as new information becomes available. Copies may be made for non-profit use. form

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